Scientific Name Cornus is from the word cornu which means “horn” and refers to the hard wood; florida is from the Latin flos, which means “flower” or “flowery” in reference to the showy flowers. [3] Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. Starlight Chinese Dogwood is a multi-stemmed deciduous tree with a stunning habit of growth which features almost oriental horizontally-tiered branches. Cornus sanguinea commonly known as Dogwood or European Dogwood is native to most of Europe and western Asia.It is usually no more than a bush, but it can form a small shrubs tree. [21][9]:100 Cornus florida is the state tree and flower of Virginia,[22] the state tree of Missouri, and state flower of North Carolina. Similar species: • Silky Dogwood (Cornus obliqua) - has striped bark. Red twig dogwood (scientific name Cornus sericea) is a deciduous shrub related to the flowering dogwood trees we all love so much in the spring. 'Barton' – large white bracts; blooms at early age; resistant to stem, 'Bay Beauty' – double white bracts; resists heat and drought; good for, 'Cherokee Daybreak' – white bract; vigorous grower with. Sites should be selected for reasonably well-drained, fertile soils; full sun is recommended in high-hazard areas (such as stream or pond banks). They would peel off the bark, bite the twig and then scrub their teeth. It is commonly found in Southern Florida, Southern Mexico and Antilles. Close up of a flower cluster showing the four pale green petals on each flower. The striking red twigs and crimson, autumnal leaves of Dogwood make this small shrub an attractive ornamental plant. • Round-leaved Dogwood (Cornus rugosa) - has large round leaves. Hot, humid summer weather is necessary for new growth to harden off in the fall. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) high, often wider than it is tall when mature, with a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm (1 ft). Origin: native. [18] Rooting of up to 83% can be obtained when 5–7 week-old microshoots are then transferred to WPM amended with 4.9 µmol/L IBA. Find Name This Tree Flowering Dogwood Scientific stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. The selection of healthy, disease-free planting stock is essential and transplanting trees from the forest should be avoided. What is the scientific name for the Lepidoptera known as the Dogwood borer? Distribution: Eastern North America. Flowering dogwood does best horticulturally in moist, acidic soil in a site with some afternoon shade, but good morning sun. The leaves grow to about five inches of length and two inches width. Cornus means horn or leather, referring to the. Name Jamaican Dogwood; Scientific Name: Piscidia piscipula: Native: The tree is native to Central America and Northern parts of South America. Tree Size: 30-40 ft (9-12 m) tall, 1-1.3 ft (.3-.4 m) trunk diameter. Genus Common Names = Dogwood Number of Taxa in the Cornus Genus = 52 List of Dogwood Shrubs, Cornus Genus - All known species, taxa on Earth, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second. The first kinds of laminated tennis rackets were also made from this wood, cut into thin strips. [26], Species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae. Facts. Flowering dogwood is monoecious, meaning the tree has both male and female flowers, and all trees will produce fruit. Flowering dogwood attains its greatest size and growth potential in the Upper South, sometimes up to 40 feet in height. Bloom occurs in late spring. Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit. Cornus kousa and Cornus mas are sold commercially as edible fruit trees. The trees’ spring flowers are a promise that the dreariness of winter is at an end. Dogwood plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of … Woods of the eastern half of North America . Plant Habit or Use: large shrub or small tree. Scientific Name. Other common names: Red Osier Cornel Other scientific names: Cornus sericea Family: Dogwood Family (Cornaceae) Group: Dogwoods Distinctive features: Shrub; This shrub has distinctive red bark and usually grows in wet areas.Twigs have white pith. Browse the Tree Database. Cornus florida is easily propagated by seeds, which are sown in the fall into prepared rows of sawdust or sand, and emerge in the spring. One of the most common species, and the one about which you’ve most likely heard, is the Flowering Dogwood. Also Called: Common dogwood. Category. Logically, flowering dogwood is a member of the dogwood family, Cornaceae. For other uses, see, genus of flowering plants in the dogwood family Cornaceae. [36] He also transformed its inflorescence into a representation of the crucifixion itself, with the four white bracts cross-shaped representing the four corners of the cross, each bearing a rusty indentation as of a nail, the red stamens of the flower representing Jesus' crown of thorns, and the clustered red fruit representing his blood. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006. Average Dried Weight: 51 lbs/ft 3 (815 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.64, .82. [24] The red berries are not edible, despite some rumors otherwise. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) and its inflorescence are the state tree and the state flower respectively for the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia. Registered fungicides can be applied when necessary, according to manufacturers instructions and advice of local Extension Service.[13]. The flowers are hermaphroditic ("perfect flowers") . "Dogwood." Continent of Origin: North America. An endemic population once spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern Florida and west to the Mississippi River. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) shows off its "flowers" in spring, but those blooms are actually bracts, a type of leaf (see Reference 1). Macbr". Soil Preference --- Moist / Well Drained. Species. While most of the wild trees have white bracts, some selected cultivars of this tree also have pink bracts, some even almost a true red. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Family: Cornaceae. An endemic population once spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern Florida and west to the Mississippi River. Flowering dogwood (C. florida), a North American species, is widely grown as an ornamental for its showy petallike bracts (modified leaves) under the tiny flowers. Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus alba 'Sibirica'-Siberian Dogwood, Cornus alba 'Kesselringii'-Black Stem Dogwood, Cornus alba ‘Elegantissima’-White Dogwood. Since the shrubs that will tolerate or thrive in moist and wet soils are limited, Swamp Dogwood is a valuable choice for naturalizing or planting in shrub borders in moist or soggy sites. Common name: dogwood. A whippletree is also an element of the traction of a horse-drawn cart, linking the drawpole of the cart to the harnesses of the horses in file; these items still bear the name of the tree from which they are commonly carved. Ord., Cornaceae. Scientific name: Cornus nuttallii. Posted: Jan. 17, 2012". Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Common name: Variegated Red Twig Dogwood Scientific name: Cornus alba 'Elegantissima', Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' Plant type: Shrubs Habit: Bushy Height: 1.5m - 3m Spread: 1.5m - 3m Foliage: Deciduous Foliage color: Variegated (autumn), Variegated (spring), Variegated (summer) Flower color: White Stem color: Red Fruit color: White Season of interest: Spring, Summer, … Over 32 different varieties of game birds, including quail, feed on the red seeds. It typically grows to a height of 15 to 40 feet, but in some cases also reaches 75 feet. We also love red twig dogwood because it's native to central Indiana. Dogwood wood is an excellent substitute for persimmon wood in the heads of certain golf clubs ("woods"). Dogwood genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. The name "dog-tree" was being used by 1548, and finally dogwood by 1614. Academic disciplines Business Concepts Crime Culture Economy Education Energy Events Food and drink Geography Government Health Human behavior Humanities Knowledge Law Life Mind Objects Organizations People Philosophy Society Sports Universe World Arts Lists Glossaries. Common name: dogwood. Common Name: Flowering Dogwood. They are very high in vitamin C. However, those of species in subgenus Swida are mildly toxic to people, though readily eaten by birds. Flower Color: White. Academic disciplines Business Concepts Crime Culture Economy Education Energy Events Food and drink Geography Government Health Human behavior Humanities Knowledge Law Life Mind Objects Organizations People Philosophy Society Sports Universe World Arts Lists Glossaries . At the northern end of its range, heights of 30–33 feet are more typical. This is a dogwood shrub with something of an identity crisis. Germination rates for good clean seed should be near 100% if seed dormancy is first overcome by cold stratification treatments for 90 to 120 days at 4 °C (39 °F). Cambridge University Press. Height : 4 to 6 feet. Cutting boards and other fine turnings can be made from this fine grained and beautiful wood. Blue Ray™ Kousa Dogwood Cornus kousa chinensis 'JN6' PP28936. [20] Common Name(s): Dogwood, Flowering Dogwood. See more ideas about dogwood, dogwood shrub, twig dogwood. "Dogwood or cornel." Several species have small heads of inconspicuous flowers surrounded by an involucre of large, typically white petal-like bracts, while others have more open clusters of petal-bearin… Cornus is from the word cornu which means “horn” and refers to the hard wood. Genus. The leaves are opposite, simple, ovate, 6–13 cm (2.4–5.1 in) long and 4–6 cm (1.6–2.4 in) broad, with an apparently entire margin (actually very finely toothed, under a lens); they turn a rich red-brown in fall. The hero Aeneas attempts to break off boughs to decorate an altar, but instead the wood drips with black blood. [19][unreliable source? Web. Dogwood, any of the shrubs, trees, or herbs of the genus Cornus, in the dogwood family (Cornaceae), native to Europe, eastern Asia, and North America. Scientific name: Cornus foemina. [23][24] It was used to treat dogs with mange, which may be how it got its name. Flowering dogwood demonstrates gametophytic self-incompatibility, meaning that the plants can't self-fertilize. Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico. Garden Uses. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Most dogwood species have opposite leaves, while a few, such as Cornus alternifolia and C. controversa, have their leaves alternate. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. A 10-year-old tree will stand about 5 m (16 ft) tall. Mature Size: Up to 10 feet tall. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Common name(s): Flowering dogwood. [7], Various species of Cornus, particularly the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), are ubiquitous in American gardens and landscaping; horticulturist Donald Wyman stated, "There is a dogwood for almost every part of the U.S. except the hottest and driest areas". 17 September 2012. 17 September 2012. ssp. Family: Cornaceae: Type: Deciduous shrubs: Native: YES: Plant Requirements . Ohe Hedyleptan Moth: Olaa peppered looper moth: 7-spot … Cornus kousa, commonly called Kousa dogwood, is a small, deciduous flowering tree or multi-stemmed shrub that typically grows 15-30’ tall, with a vase-shaped habit in the early years but eventually maturing to a more rounded form. [35] As the story goes, during the time of Jesus, the dogwood was larger and stronger than it is today and was the largest tree in the area of Jerusalem. Family Name (scientific and common): Cornus; Flowering Dogwood; Cornus Florida. 'Cherokee Chief' – red bracts; red new growth. Although rooting success can be as high as 50–85%, this technique is not commonly used by commercial growers. [17], The bark of Cornus species is rich in tannins and has been used in traditional medicine as a substitute for quinine. The fruit is a cluster of two to ten separate drupes, (fused in Cornus kousa), each 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) long and about 8 mm (0.31 in) wide, which ripen in the late summer and the early fall to a bright red, or occasionally yellow with a rosy blush. Width : 4 to 6 feet. The hard, dense wood has been used for products such as golf club heads, mallets, wooden rake teeth, tool handles, jeweler's boxes and butcher's blocks. Nodal (axillary bud) sections are established in a culture of Woody Plant Medium (WPM) amended with 4.4 µmol/L 6-Benzyladenine (BA) to promote shoot growth. Jun 24, 2020 - Explore Kenyra Walsh's board "Dogwood shrub" on Pinterest. Plant Growth Habit: Large Tree. Flowering dogwood is grown widely throughout the temperate world. McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Science and Technology. Native plants attract beneficial wildlife, and they tend to be very low maintenance. Pronunciation: KOR-nus FLOR-ih-duh. Other common names include mountain dogwood and western flowering dogwood. Dogwood, any of the shrubs, trees, or herbs of the genus Cornus, in the dogwood family (Cornaceae), native to Europe, eastern Asia, and North America.The bunchberry (C. canadensis) is a creeping perennial herb. Pacific Dogwood. Mature trees can grow to 10m. The returning of the flower conveyed indifference on the part of the woman; if she kept it, it became a sign of mutual interest. Common Name. 'Cherokee Princess' – vigorous white bracts, industry standard for white flowers. UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native. The accepted scientific name is Synanthedon scitula. [16][9]:102, Micropropagation of flowering dogwood is now used in breeding programs aiming to incorporate resistance to dogwood anthracnose and powdery mildew into horticulturally and economically important cultivars. Northwest native plant enthusiasts enjoy the beautiful spring bloom of the Pacific Dogwood but not the leaf disease which leads to browning and shedding. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008. Grows 15 to 20 feet tall and wide. Credo Reference. Seed Provenance: Unknown Location Seed. "The Names of Plants". Soil: Well-draining. [10][11][12] [40], "Dogwood" redirects here. Growth: One of the ornamental trees used for landscaping, flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that grows about 30 ft in height, with a crown spread of 35 ft, depending on the cultivator. The trees are a cross between C. florida, a native of the American southeastern states and C. kousa, the Japanese dogwood. Foliage is attractive all season serving as a backdrop for creamy white spring flowers. Dogwood twigs were used by U.S. pioneers to brush their teeth. In cold climates, potted cuttings must be kept in heated cold frames or polyhouses the following winter to maintain temperatures between 0 and 7 °C (32 and 45 °F). In regions where dogwood anthracnose is a problem, homeowners and public land managers are encouraged to know the symptoms and inspect trees frequently. This Northwest native deciduous tree can grow to a mature height and width of over 50 feet. Dogwoods have simple, untoothed leaves with the veins curving distinctively as they approach the leaf margins. [33] Anne Morrow Lindbergh gives a vivid description of the dogwood tree in her poem "Dogwood". Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Morphology: This Northwest native deciduous shrub grows to a height of 6’-10’ with an equal to greater spread. The species has been used in the production of inks, scarlet dyes, and as a quinine substitute. Subordinate Taxa. Wilson: COPA23: Cornus paniculata L'Hér. Range map for Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. See source citations and … 0 Antworten: dogwood tree: Letzter Beitrag: 11 Nov. 11, 16:38 [5][6] Another, earlier name of the dogwood in English, is the "whipple-tree". Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. [clarification needed][18] During the American civil war confederate soldiers would make a tea from the bark to treat pain and fevers, and dogwood leaves in a poultice to cover wounds. … Excellent landscape specimen. SYNONYM – Large Flowering Cornel. ex B.D. Red twig dogwood cornus sericea elrondperedhil getty images this medium sized shrub also known as red osier dogwood will stand out in your landscape with stems that start turning red at the end of summer or beginning of fall. racemosa (Lam.) Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) high, often wider than it is tall when mature, with a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm (1 ft). The USDA hardiness zones for this tree are 7 to 9. Common Name : tatarian dogwood. Cornus L. – dogwood. The similar Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa), native to Asia, flowers about a month later. Scientific name: Cornus foemina. [3] The tree is commonly planted as an ornamental in residential and public areas because of its showy bracts and interesting bark structure. The scientific name for the Dogwood is Cornus florida. Exposure: sun or partial sun. 769. [9] In urban and suburban settings, care should be taken not to inflict mower damage on the trunk or roots, as this increases the tree's susceptibility to disease and pest pressure. Common name of pagoda dogwood is in reference to the tiered horizontal branching. Redirects to scientific names of insects Dogwood thyatirid moth. Zone : 3 to 7. Red twig dogwood scientific name ads/article.txt While both the tree and the shrub belong to the cornus genus red twig dogwoods never grow to become trees. 'Appalachian Spring' – large white bracts; red fall foliage; resistant to dogwood. Proposal to change the usage label and to add the scientific name. The following cultivars, of mixed or uncertain origin, have gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit (confirmed 2017):[10], The species Cornus mas is commonly cultivated in southeastern Europe for its showy, edible berries, that have the color of the carnelian gemstone. The bunchberry (C. canadensis) is a … Credo Reference. Description Red Twig Dogwood is best known for its bright red winter stems which add color when it is needed most. It can be seen growing wild along woodland edges and hedgerows. Hartmann and Kester's Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices, 7th Edition. Height: 10 ft: Width: 12 ft: Bloom: Spring flowers: Bloom Time: April to May: Bloom Color: White: Additional Characteristics. Horticulturally developed. Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico. Moldenke: Classification . 'Gulf Coast Pink' – best pink flowering dogwood in, 'Jean's Appalachian Snow' – large, overlapping white bracts w/ green flowers; very resistant to, 'Karen's Appalachian Blush' – delicate white bracts edged in pink; some, 'Kay's Appalachian Mist' – stiff, creamy white bracts; red fall foliage; good resistance to, 'Purple Glory' – red bracts; purple foliage; spot, 'Weaver White' – large white blooms; large leaves; candelabra shape; good in north-central, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 00:28. Web. "Cretaceous origin of dogwoods: an anatomically preserved, "Notable Characteristics of Dogwood Trees", "Species level phylogeny of the genus Cornus (Cornaceae) based on molecular and morphological evidence—implications for taxonomy and Tertiary intercontinental migration", "Haplotyping of Cornus florida and C. kousa chloroplasts: Insights into species-level differences and patterns of plastic DNA variation in cultivars", "Tropicos | Name - Cornus peruviana J.F. They have been eaten in Eastern Europe for centuries, both as food and medicine to fight colds and flus. Scientic Name: Cornus nuttallii. These pollinations should be repeated every other day, as the flowers must be cross-pollinated within one or two days of opening for pollinations to be effective. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. Geoffrey Chaucer uses "whippletree" in The Canterbury Tales ("The Knight's Tale", verse 2065) to refer to the dogwood. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Cornus sericea . [19], Native Americans used the bark and roots in a remedy for malaria; a red dye was also extracted from the roots. Common Name: Dogwood: Scientific Name: Cornus sanguinea: Sun Tolerance: Full Sun: Height: 2–6 m (7–20 ft) Spread: 2-3 m (7–10 ft) Growth Rate: Moderate Scientific name Distribution ... Cornus florida subsp. Dose, five to sixty drops. Red-osier Dogwood has also been used somewhat frequently in landscape plantings, most notably with various cultivars like "Baileyi", which has curly hairs instead of straight. The Celestial Dogwood, when 19 years old, was 17 feet tall and 14 feet wide with a distinctively vase-shaped habit of growth. In many species, the flowers are borne separately in open (but often dense) clusters, while in various other species (such as the flowering dogwood), the flowers themselves are tightly clustered, lacking showy petals, but surrounded by four to six large, typically white petal-like bracts. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und … Common Name: Dogwood, Scientific Name: Cornus Virginiana Dogwood Chapter from my PhD. "Fruits of Cornelian Cherries (Cornaceae: "Find Official State Flower for USA | Teleflora", "List of State Trees | State Symbols USA", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cornus&oldid=991869554, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 06:18. Water: Average moisture needs. There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. Scientific name: Cornus sanguinea. ... First, the plant is patented (PI 7204) with the official cultivar name of "Rutdan," a name never used in any public forum discussing the plant. Culture : Best grown in organically rich, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Dogwoods are popular landscape trees, and several types are enjoyed on the YV Inner Harbour campus. Another theory advances the view that "dogwood" was derived from the Old English dagwood[citation needed] (dagwood is a form which is unattested), from the use of the slender stems of its very hard wood for making sharp objects:[4] "dags" (daggers, skewers, and arrows). Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. University of Connecticut Plant Database: United States Department of Agriculture, National Forest Service: University of California @ Davis, Integrated Pest Management Online: Dogwood pest management, Cornell University, Integrated Pest Management, Dogwood Borer, United States Department of Agriculture, National Forest Service, St. Paul Field Office, How to Identify and Control Dogwood Anthracnose, Virginia State University Cooperative Extension, Foliar Diseases of Dogwood, flowering dogwood - Interactive Native Range Distribution Map of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cornus_florida&oldid=994684507, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Zone: 7 to 9: Sun: Full to partial sun: Moisture: Dry: Plant Characteristics . Height at Maturity: More than 10 feet Trees and shrubs; Statistics Height: up to 10m. The scientific name for this tree is Cornus nuttallii. The Japan Times. [25], In 1915, forty dogwood saplings were donated by U.S. to Japan in the 1912-15 exchange of flowers between Tokyo and Washington, D.C. Scientific Name: Cornus alba. This is important for breeding programs as it means that it is not necessary to emasculate (remove the anthers from) C. florida flowers before making controlled cross-pollinations. The fruits of Cornus mas are both tart and sweet when completely ripe. Red Twig Dogwood Scientific name: Cornus sericea: Taxonomy. The scientific name of Dogwoodis the botanical name or formal name. It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. 'Cherokee Brave' – Even redder than 'Cherokee Chief', smaller bracts but dark red color; consistently resistant to. Scale, leaf miner and borers are occasional insect pests. Species information. Family: Cornaceae. Several of these are used along highways and in naturalizing landscape plantings, especially those species with bright red or bright yellow stems, particularly conspicuous in winter, such as Cornus stolonifera. Flower Color: white. Depending on botanical interpretation, the dogwoods are variously divided into one to nine genera or subgenera; a broadly inclusive genus Cornus is accepted here. [9]:100–102[16] Susceptible to leaf spot, twig and leaf blights, root rot and canker. Pacific Dogwood Scientific name: Cornus nuttallii: Taxonomy. It is at home on the very dry chalk escarpment, but likely to be found infrequently on most lime-rich soils, either in isolation or as part of a hedgerow, thicket or game covert. Rather, selected cultivars are generally propagated by T-budding in late summer or by whip grafting in the greenhouse in winter onto seedling rootstock. They typically flower in early April in the southern part of their range, to late April or early May in northern and high altitude areas. This tree can live up to 150 years old. ], The Japanese cornel, C. officinalis, is used extensively in traditional Chinese medicine as shān zhū yú for several minor ailments. Botanical Name: Cornus angustata 'Elsbry' PP#14537; Form: Tree Sun Exposure: Partial Shade Height/Habit: 15 - 18 feet Spread: 13 - 15 feet Spacing: 13 - 15 feet Hardiness Zone: 6-9 Flowering Date: Late spring Planting Instructions: Prefers an area that receives morning sun and afternoon shade. Average Dried Weight: 51 lbs/ft 3 (815 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.64, .82. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. Plants should be watered weekly during droughts, with watering done in the morning, avoiding wetting the foliage. Cornelian-cherries have one seed each and are used in syrups and preserves.[15]. Scientific Name; BEFL: Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach: CYFL7: Cynoxylon floridum (L.) Raf. Classification. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T61990536A61990538.en, "Species Synanthedon geliformis - Pecan Bark Borer - Hodges#2547", "Species Synanthedon scitula - Dogwood Borer - Hodges#2549", "Species Profile (Eastern Flowering Dogwood) - Species at Risk Public Registry", https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_cofl2.pdf, "Dogwood anthracnose and its spread in the South", "Haplotyping of Cornus florida and C. kousa chloroplasts: Insights into species-level differences and patterns of plastic DNA variation in cultivars", "Dogwood Tree - Beautiful Flowers, Unique Fruits", "U.S. eyes 3,000 dogwoods for 'sakura' anniversary. [8] In contrast, in England the lack of sharp winters and hot summers makes Cornus florida very shy of flowering.[9]. Plant patents expire after 20 years. Many are without much flavor. Duration ---- Perennial. Does best in a spot sheltered from wind. While not poisonous to humans, the fruit is extremely sour and unpleasant-tasting. A 10-year-old tree will stand about 5 m (16 ft) tall. SWRA2: Swida racemosa (Lam.) Learn about more than Common Name, Scientific Name, Family Name Dogwood, Cloud 9, Cornus florida.Cloud 9. The flower-head is surrounded by four conspicuous large white, pink or red "petals" (actually bracts), each bract 3 cm (1.2 in) long and 2.5 cm (0.98 in) broad, rounded, and often with a distinct notch at the apex. Scientific Name. Larger items have also been occasionally made of dogwood, such as the screw-in basket-style wine or fruit presses. Scientific name: Cornus florida. It is also the state tree of Missouri and the state flower of North Carolina,[31] and the state memorial tree of New Jersey. Common. Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.