The higher the amount of Lycra, the higher the crease recovery angle. Properties of Single Jersey Fabrics Made of Cotton: Effect of Fabric Softeners on Properties of Single Jersey Fabrics Made of Cotton and Elastomeric … 12. 1/6. But in rib fabric is produced by two sets of, In double jersey face and back side appearance is, Thickness and weight of Double jersey is twice of rib, Double jersey is more expensive than single. Marmarali A B: Dimensional and Physical Properties of Cotton/Spandex Single Jersey Fabrics. single jersey fabric. Marmarali A B: Dimensional and physical Properties of Cotton/Spandex Single Jersey Fabrics. By applying the ANOVA technique we found that there is a significant effect of both Lycra ratio and loop length on crease recovery angle P value (0, .001) respectively. Since the elasticity of these types varies from 60% to 300%, this will be reflected on the final characteristic of the obtained knitted fabrics. Dimensional properties of knitted fabrics are an important property and determine the … All single jersey fabric structure wholesalers & single jersey fabric structure manufacturers come from members. 15. Judy S. Bostick Simply put, this machine is the simplest circular knitting machine containing only 1 track of cams that produces plain single jersey fabric. Order cheap jersey fabrics at Rijs Textiles.Jersey fabrics are stretchable fabrics of a flexible nature. Single jersey is the mostly used for making T-shirts in textile. Only one set of latch needle is used. The statistical analysis also showed that, there is inverse relationship between loop length and course density as the loop length increase the course density decrease. The significant effect of the loop length on the dimensional change. We need to make sure that the customer is aware of the properties and characteristics of the fabrics. Alibaba.com offers 82 single jersey fabric properties products. This can be due to the fact that the wale per cm depends in the first place on the machine gauge, while after wet relaxation this will depend on the fabric construction as all the other properties. Buy Jersey fabrics online. A wide variety of single jersey fabric properties options are available to you, such as material. 8. Fabric Technologist It was obvious from Figure (2) that, the loop length has a significant effect on the fabric weight for all fabrics, as the loop length increases, the fabric weight were decreased, this means that the higher the loop length, the lower the fabric weight. The dimensional and physical Properties of Cotton/elastane single jersey fabrics varies as compared with fabrics knitted from 100% cotton yarn. All Wedding & Party . Back then, this soft material was made of wool, and the fabric was ‘for men only’. It is obvious that, loop length has a significant effect on the pill rating for all tested fabrics, as the higher in loop length, the lower the pill rating is this means that the pill formation decrease as loop length decrease. The mechanical properties, including burst strength, abrasion resistance, air permeability, water vapour permeability, and flame retardant … In this study, the thermal properties of bamboo/cotton blended single jersey fabrics have been studied in relation to linear density, loop length and blend proportion on thickness, air permeability, thermal conductivity, thermal resistance and water vapour permeability. Required fields are marked *. Jersey fabrics are mostly used for T-shirts, sweaters, skirts and dresses. Single jersey is weft knitted fabric which is formed by one set of needles. B S 5058: 1969: Standard test method for determination of pill rating. The greater the amount of Lycra, the higher the course density. 9. We doesn't provide single jersey fabric products or service, please contact them directly and verify their companies info carefully. Single-Jersey wirkt wie gestrickt, denn die Vorderseite hat rechte Maschen und die Rückseite linke. The polymers in spandex fibres contain soft and hard segments (Figure 1). Please kindly use the filter on the left to find the fabrics you are interested in and send us inquiry! The most popular uses included underwear and fishermen’s sweaters. 7. e statistical analysis proved that the dimensional stability and air permeability are adversely a ected by the percentage of spandex. Study on Single Jersey and Double Jersey. The fabric can be a very stretchy single … The dimensional characteristics such as loop length (l), wales per centimeter (wpc), courses per centimeter (cpc), stitch density (s), tightness factor (K), loop shape factor (R) and take-up rate (T) of single jersey, 1x1rib, 1x1 interlock, single pique, and two-thread fleece knitted fabrics made from 100% cotton and cotton/elastane yarns (5% elastane yarn content) are investigated in this research. Single Jersey Fabric. By applying the ANOVA technique we found that there is a significant effect of both Lycra ratio and loop length on bursting strength P value (0, .001) respectively. Single Jersey 100% Polyester Soft Sand Washed Single Jersey Modal Polyester Fabric … Dimensional stability in the lengthwise direction. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. It is shown that, the amount of Lycra is significant effect on the wale density for all tested fabrics. 13. 14. It can be stretched repeatedly to at least twice their original length at room temperature; when the extending force is removed, they immediately return with force to their approximate original length. I thing the following formula will help to find out better mathematical analysis of single jersey and double jersey. SINGLE JERSEY: The structure of a weft knit fabric can be plain and simple, or extremely complex and interesting. The significant effect of the loop length on the crease recovery can be attributed to the less loop length associated with increasing the fabric weight which leads to resist the crease deformation. The constructional properties of a weft knitted fabric depend on yarn count and stitch length. In cotton/spandex single jersey fabrics, bursting strength, fabric weight, crease recovery and pilling resistance rating can be improved significantly by increasing the Lycra ratio, but air permeability and dimensional stability of the fabrics decrease, finds Dr Mona M A Haji. Properties of Single Jersey Fabrics Made of Cotton: Effect of Fabric Softeners on Properties of Single Jersey Fabrics Made of Cotton and Elastomeric Fibres [Sadek, Roqaya] on Amazon.com. Used as a substrate for natural/synthetic leather or shoe uppers, Lycra provides 4 - 5% stretch in shoes to give maximum comfort to the wearer. It has one set of needle and another set sinker. It was found that the loop length had the most significant influence on pilling resistance rating. Determination of pill rating: This test was carried out by using, Martindal Tester, according to (ASTM D4970 D 4960)(13). Determination of crease recovery: Crease recovery was measured by using Wrinkle recovery tester according to (ASTM-D 1295-67)(12). From shop ElzahFabrics. Today, jersey is also made from cotton, cotton blends, and synthetic fibers. The statistical analysis also showed that there is direct relationship between Lycra ratio and fabric weight as the amount of Lycra increase the fabric weight increase, because the greater the amount of Lycra , the tighter the fabric weight. The soft segments extend and retract under a pulling force; hydrogen bonds form between the hard segments of adjacent polymers(2). Rijstextiles.com sells various kinds of jersey fabrics … 100% Polyester Linen Feel Mechanical Stretch Fabric; casual wear, single jersey, water repellent … Yarn is used to create loops that form a face side and a back side, or knit and purl side of the fabric. Hunt L: Interlinings – New Concept for Fusible Fronts, Apparel International, 2008, 29 (8): pp 20 - 21. You can easily and conveniently adjust the fabric in different levels of fabric density. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Mathematical Analysis of Single Jersey and Double Jersey. By applying the ANOVA technique we found that there is a significant effect of both Lycra ratio and loop length on air permeability P value (0, 0) respectively. Geometric and Dimensional Properties of Single Jersey and Double Jersey. The increase in the amount of Lycra from 0% to 8% leads to an increase in wale density up to 100%. 2. "Lycra" is the trade name that DuPont uses for their particular formula of spandex that they sell to the textile industry. By applying the ANOVA technique we found that the Lycra ratio had the most significant influence on wale density P value (0). … It is shown that, for all tested samples the amount of Lycra has a significant effect on the crease recovery angle. Properties of Single Jersey Fabrics Made of Cotton: Effect of Fabric Softeners on Properties of Single Jersey Fabrics Made of Cotton and Elastomeric Fibres | Sadek, Roqaya | ISBN: 9783848437795 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Different types of spandex material exist on the markets with different counts, this impose engineering the use of every type at different spun materials and fabric construction. Jersey also tends to be soft, making it very comfortable. Get info of suppliers, manufacturers, exporters, traders of Polyester Jersey Fabric for buying in India. The yarn feeder is over the m/c and stationary. It was originally made of wool, but is now made of wool, cotton, and synthetic fibers.Since medieval times, Jersey, Channel Islands, where the material was first produced, had been an important exporter of knitted goods and the fabric in wool from Jersey became well known. Sawhney A P S, Robert K Q, Ruppenicker G F and Kimmel L B (2012): Improved Method of Producing Cotton Covered/Polyester Staple-Core Yarn on a Ring Spinning Frame, Textile Res J 62 (1), pp 21 - 25. Email: Judys.bostick@gmail.com. Spandex is a generic term, like polyamide or polyester. The machine is negative feed system and has electric … Interlock/double jersey: Two layers of jersey fabric are knitted together, with the wrong sides sandwiched together. 6. With increased SCSL, the dimensional properties like CPI, WPI, SD, … If you read this article with full concentration, then you can easily answer the following questions-, Your email address will not be published. Fabric structure: More spirality in single jersey due to non-arrest of loops. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Ad. Single Jersey 100% Polyester Fabric Single Jersey 150D DTY Paper Print Professional 95 Polyester 5 Spandex Knitting Fabric Single Jersey For Women Garment. The type of fabric and it’s end use determine the amount and type of Lycra required to ensure optimum performance and aesthetics. This could be attributed to that less the loop length the less spaces between courses leading to the inability of the fabric to have greater number of courses. The dimensional and physical Properties of Cotton/elastane single jersey fabrics varies as compared with fabrics knitted from 100% cotton yarn. Compact yarn fabrics showed better performance in all the structures and their respective SCSL. It is clear, for all tested samples the amount of Lycra has a significant effect on the air permeability, as the amount of Lycra increases, the air permeability decreases. It is the designer's responsibility to select the appropriate fabrics for their intended applications, but it is the responsibility of the fabric producer to provide as much information as possible to help customers make appropriate fabric selections. Figure (9), illustrates the relationship between the Lycra ratio and the bursting strength at three different loop length. Figure (10), illustrates the relationship between the Lycra ratio and air permeability, at three levels of loop length. Single Jersey Fabric: Single jersey is weft knitted fabric which is formed by one set of needles. Textile Research Journal, 73, 11 - 14, (2003), pp 54. Dr Mona M A HajiFashion Design DepartmentCollege of Arts and Interior Design for GirlsAl-Mansour Street (behind the police station)Umm Alqura UniversityMakkah Al Mukarramah(Mailbox: 715)Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Single jersey and double jersey knitting production is totally mathematical based. single jersey fabric structure. Determination of wale and course density: This test were determined at ten different places on every sample calculated with a magnifying glass, and the average values were calculated. AASTM-D 1683-64: Standard test method for fabric weight. The object of this study is to investigate how it varies when the fabrics are made from 100% cotton yarn and cotton/elastane blended yarns & also to study the effect of elastane on the basic principle physical properties like GSM, … The increase in the amount of Lycra from 0% to 8% leads to an increase in wale density up to 60% for all samples, because the greater the amount of Lycra, the tighter the fabric. There are many different counts and types of spandex on the market(4). The significant effect of the loop length on the bursting strength can be attributed to the less loop length associated with increasing the fabric weight which leads to higher bursting strength. Solid single jersey fabric, plain jersey, multiple colours, dressmaking fabric, sold by metre, extra wide, kids fabric, stretch knit fabric ElzahFabrics. Er wirkt ähnlich einem Gewebe mit leichter Rippenmusterung. In addition, the outstanding features of spandex are low moisture absorption and resistance to normal apparel exposure to sunlight and to most common chemical(7). Single jersey tends to curl a little on the edges, but it is a very easy and pleasant fabric to work with when sewing. Figure (4), illustrates the relationship between the amount of Lycra and the course density at three different loop length. 8, Kirpal Nagar, Ludhiana - 141007, Dist. The significant effect of loop length on fabric weight for all tested fabrics can be attributed to the decrease in the loop length help to increase in stitch density, which lead to increase to fabric weight. 10. The statistical analysis also showed that, there is inverse relationship between loop length and bursting strength as the loop length increase the bursting strength decrease. Single jersey is lightweight and stretchy. This fabric is much warm, flexible, stretchy, and wear to comfort therefore get popularity. Curl or roll of fabric occurs at the edges 3. 5. Interlock-Jersey wird an zwei Nadelreihen gestrickt, die sich … By applying the ANOVA technique we found that there is a significant effect of both Lycra ratio and loop length on dimensional stability in the lengthwise direction P value (0, .001) respectively. All the parameters under study were significantly affected by the amount of spandex in the fabric and the loop length. Cotton single jersey fabric is produced by knitting cotton yarn so that one side of the material is flat whereas the other side is piled – it is covered with characteristic upright loops, which can be clearly seen if you look at the surface close up. From the above results the following were obtained: 1. It is shown that, the amount of Lycra is significant effect on the bursting strength for all tested fabrics, as amount of Lycra increase, the bursting strength increase, because the greater the amount of Lycra, the tighter the fabric. The name comes from the Isle of Jersey, one of the Channel Islands between Britain and France, where Jersey’s own sheep were bred. The significant effect of the loop length on the air permeability can be attributed to that the less loop length the less spaces between courses which offer resistance to the air permeability. In single jersey face side and back side appearance is different. Our experimental samples were knitted on a Convert weft knitted machine with 66 feeders (24 gauge, 22" diameter, 1632 total needle count, with a positive yarn feeding system) Marchizio circular knitting machine. Design ideas and inspiration. 16. Plain single jersey structured fabrics were knitted from 100% polysulfonamide (PSA) yarn, and from PSA85/Cotton15 and PSA70/Cotton30 blended and core-spun yarns. The percentage of spandex used in the knitting industry depends on the fabric stretch required and fabric properties(3). It is shown that, the amount of Lycra has a significant effect on the dimensional stability in the crosswise direction for all samples, as the higher the amount of Lycra, the higher the dimensional change is, (inverse relationship). Ein Jersey (in der Schweiz: Tricot, von französisch tricoter, stricken) ist ein weicher, oft elastischer Stoff, gestrickt oder gewirkt, aus Garnen, aus Viskose oder Viskosemischungen, Wolle oder Wollmischgarnen, Baumwolle oder Seide. The increase in loop length from 2.7 to 3.35 mm leads to a decrease in fabric weight up to 23%, 21% and 17% for 0% Lycra, 4% Lycra and 8% Lycra, respectively for all samples. The reduction in the fabric air permeability with increasing the amount of Lycra can be attributed to the higher bulk, compactness, and the cloth thickness accompanying with a higher amount of Lycra which offer resistance to the air permeability. The statistical analysis also showed that, there is inverse relationship between loop length and dimensional stability in the crosswise direction as the loop length increase the dimensional change decrease. The increase in the amount of Lycra from 0% to 8% leads to an increase in crease recovery up to 25%. Figure (7), illustrates the relationship between the amount of Lycra and dimensional stability in the lengthwise direction at three different loop length. 11. By applying the ANOVA technique we found that the Lycra ratio had the most significant influence on dimensional stability in the crosswise direction P value (0, .006). Dallas, TX, USA. Figure (6), illustrates the relationship between the amount of Lycra and the pill rating for the tested samples produced from single jersey at three different loop length. Spandex is always blended with other natural and synthetic fibres such as cotton, wool, silk, and linen. It is shown that, the amount of Lycra has a significant effect on the dimensional stability in the lengthwise direction for all samples, as the higher the amount of Lycra, the higher the dimensional change is, (inverse relationship). Characteristics of Single Jersey : 1. Dimensional stability in the crosswise direction. PSA and cotton were blended and core-spun to improve the processability and mechanical properties of PSA. Figure (8), illustrates the relationship between the amount of Lycra and dimensional stability in the crosswise direction at three different loop length. Lycra can be stretched four to seven times its initial length, yet springs back to it’s original length once tension is released(5). By applying the ANOVA technique we found that the Lycra ratio had the most significant influence on wale density P value (0). Other patterns that are knitted together, with the wrong sides sandwiched together the physical properties of Cotton/elastane jersey. 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